Since 1st January 2015, an establishment or undertaking which collects, transports or receives waste paper (including card and cardboard), metal, plastic or glass must do so by way of separate collection if it is:

(a) necessary to ensure that waste undergoes recovery operations in accordance with Articles 4 and 13 of the Waste Framework Directive and to facilitate or improve recovery (‘The Necessity test); and

(b) technically, environmentally and economically practicable (TEEP, ‘The TEEP test’).

The government has provided guidance:


‘Technically practicable’ means that the separate collection may be implemented through a system which has been technically developed and proven to function in practice.

‘Environmentally practicable’ should be understood such that the added value of ecological benefits justifies possible negative environmental effects of the separate collection (e.g. additional emissions from transport).

‘Economically practicable’ refers to a separate collection which does not cause excessive costs in comparison with the treatment of a non-separated waste stream, considering the added value of recovery and recycling and the principle of proportionality.

‘Necessary’ in regard to high quality recycling: The benchmark of “high quality” should be taken as meaning that the recyclate is similar in both quality and quantity to that achieved with good separate collection and is therefore able to be used by reprocessors for turning back into a product of similar quality to what it was originally.

Need help with TEEP?
Hills’ highly trained waste consultants can visit your site(s) and audit the amount and types of waste produced, whilst also assessing the layout. We can then offer expert advice and tailored solutions to maximise recycling whilst complying with TEEP regulations.